Glossary Sample - People of the American Revolution
American Historical Figures
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Sam Adams was the leading advocate of the Committee of Correspondence in 1772. He spread propaganda and information through a system of passing pamphlets and letters to other people. Was a part of the Sons of Liberty who led the Boston Tea Party.
Killed in the Boston Massacre. Used to be a slave but was free when he was killed.
A British general in the American Revolution, in 1776 was part of a three prong attack that was going to end the war along with Barry St. Leger and William Howe from New York. He was going to attack from Canada, and go to Albany. Burgoyne also captured Fort Ticonderoga in July 1777. At Saratoga Burgoyne surrendered to General Horatio Gates after recieving no help and tried to retreat to Canada, but was caught.
He arranged for financial backing for the Mayflower. He was also the first governor of the Plymouth Colony.
General Charles Cornwallis fought for the British. He started fighting in the south and won at the Battle of Cowpens. Cornwallis fought at the Battle of Yorktown and lost against the Colonist and French armies and surrendered. During the surrender ceremony he sent another man to represent him instead of going there himself to greet Washington.
Thomas Gage was a British General who faught at the Bunker hill he won, but ordered his men to attack three times. He eventually won after the colonists ran out of ammunition.
Hamilton spent much time studying the arguments of the sons of liberty. he went to the boston tea party and knew a revolution was on its way. when war broke out, he was well respected and therefore made one of washington's aides. he stayed with washington for many years. during this time, he played a key role at valley forge: he was a french interpreter. he was present at many of washington's victories. when the americans won the war, he was appointed the first secretary of state, along side washington.